An ultimate guide to web development

Web development is a pretty famous and quite a popular term today. The world is now on the web. Nothing is left in the world, which has not its strings tied to the web.

From needles to helicopters, everything is directly indirectly built by sales on the internet. Businesses are now more compassionate towards building stronger web strategies and hiring web Development companies for such tasks.

The web solutions and their imperative results for the business instigate tech-savvy and nontechnical users to rely on the internet.

Now the world rests at a coffee house, finding over the internet. We dine in after booking seats on the internet.

We order our day starter coke-burger from the internet. Whatever we do, we get it from the internet via an app, developed by some application development company.

When the web is so intricately tied up with the businesses and the industrial evolution is growingly in coordination with the technology updates, understanding web strategy and acting in the same harmony becomes the need of the time.

Whenever the website development service is googled, you can see the links to hire an AngularJS developer on the first page.

Here we will discuss some important points that can build an intimate guide for web application development.

Why Learn Web Development?

Web development is necessary for business. Whether you are a student, or you are a professional, when you are a health worker or a restaurant owner, you have not had spent any day without the help of web technology.

The technical interference in the core businesses has given this an amazing speed and reliable growth of the brand by application development campaign.

Catching the same word here, branding is no more a headache term here. Branding is important in this era and the web makes it simple to get your brand recognized.

Here are a few compelling reasons you to learn web development and are recommended by IT:

  1. Business needs: Every business needs a web identity or some sort of IT dependency. IT dependency is workable with the right of knowledge of the web development stack.
  2. Better hiring: While hiring, it becomes easier to find IT, professionals. When you have the skill set or some sort of web functioning knowledge, you can find better resources.
  3. Keep track of the processes: Keeping track of the resources is easier with the web development knowledge. You can’t be fooled by technical persons for having less knowledge.
  4. Newer resources, newer requirements: When you get a technical advantage, you can understand the glitches and where your hardware actually fails.

How Does a Website Work?

Before you begin your web development journey, it is the first thing to learn about even before hiring dedicated developers, how the development works.

We will discuss Web full-stack development services later in this article.  Let’s understand a few terms:

  1. Website: A website is a simple collection of a few web pages or a single web page. The web code defines the layout and format of the content of the page.
  2. Web server: The web server is a capable computer with an internet connection, which receives the request by a web browser and responds accordingly after communicating with the data layer. 
  3. Browser: A browser is a desktop application that is connected to the domain name through an IP address.  Browsers translate the response of the server to make it readable and presentable for viewers.

Planning your Website

Building a website is 50 percent planning and 50 percent implementation. In the pre-coding phases, proper planning and implementation are necessary.

Planning is done to make the foundational blueprints of the website.  When planning is not good, things end up absurdly.

You may miss out on some important features, may create miscommunication between vendors and clients, and many more.

Planning gives a clear light to the roadmap ahead. It prevents you from missing deadlines and losing out on important times.

If you are a web developer or looking to hire a web developer, this article can throw light on some important tricks. For business owners, this guide can build the groundwork for the next website project.

  1. Build your goals
  2. Budget limits
  3. Creating sitemap
  4. Use dynamic sitemaps
  5. List all pages
  6. Make sitemap accessible
  7. No index URL from Sitemap
  8. Avoid redirect pages
  9. Maintenance of Sitemap

1. Build your Goals 

It is always better to determine the goals of the website before actual implementation and coding. Create a checklist, of whether you want to gain publicity for the business.

Or you are building a website for attracting an audience? Whether you are selling your product from your website or you want to build the website for just diverting the traffic to somewhere.

How many visitors do you wish to have on your website? How frequently do you want the updates for your website?

How many sales do you wish to make? Set all measurable and build strong particular goals and clear the space for marketing. Choose the analytical tool for monitoring web performance.

2. Budget Limits

It is always advisable to see the budget limits and create an expenditure threshold for the business expense before meeting the application Development Company.

Whether you are a huge organization or a mid-sized business, you should always look for building a clear budget for your web project.

Having a great business does not entitle you to spend some extra bucks for no reason. For example, if your business works on client meetings, it is a waste to build a selling website and add recurring expenses.

A website business includes web design, programming, hosting, and regular management for big websites.

Although other expenses are also there.  You can shop around and consult web application development professionals.

It’s must concerned about prices, but relying on price alone is also not a good option. It is better to invest in good design instead of having a lackluster website.

Always choose the team with a better experience, impressive track record, and trending skills.

3. Creating Sitemap

A sitemap is a concept that stretches from the beginning of web development to advance of the marketing.

When a website is built, a sitemap is prepared for laying out the roadmap. When the roadmap is laid out, it becomes easy to make the WebPages over that.

A sitemap is just a sequential list of web pages, which are given incomprehensible way.

A sitemap is generally prepared in XML, and you can find XML in any web server from the name of sitemap.xml.   CMS Development Services make this task easier.

On the other hand post-development, the sitemap is important for marketing.  With a sitemap, the Google search engine takes a note of your web page and the pages indexed.

<? xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>

<urlset xmlns=”″>






Here is a short detail about the sitemap of the document.  Search engines may see the new content but it is considered less important if it is not included on the web page.  Adding your web page on the sitemap adds importance to them.

There are some given practices for the sitemap, which apply to both HTML and XML sitemaps.

4. Use Dynamic Sitemaps

There are a few sitemap tools for IT development companies, which help you develop dynamic sitemaps. With an automatic sitemap, you need not update the XML file for every web page being developed.

5. List all Pages

Your sitemaps must be updated, and contain all the web pages. If you don’t include the web pages in the sitemap, the pages are not indexed.

6. Make Sitemap Accessible

It is essential to ensure, that sitemap is accessible and the link does not break. If search engines are getting 404 errors, it makes it inaccessible for the search engines to reach them.  If the sitemaps are not kept well, it creates a bad impression on your website.

7. No index URL from Sitemap

Sitemaps help search engines and visitors crawl your website. Adding the no index web page to search engines, makes a confusing state for the web crawlers and negatively influences your website.

8. Avoid Redirect Pages

You should list pages, which are life, and you must remove 404 pages or broken links.

9. Maintenance of Sitemap

Sitemap maintenance comprises the regular checkup of the document. It is used by IT development companies. The regular check-up includes timely updates and the removal of non-existing pages.

You need to make sure, that the sitemap.xml does not have any error that can prevent search engines from being crawled.

Developer Communities

If you are looking for learning web development and trying out some new methods or hiring dedicated developers, joining a developer community entitles you to huge growth.

For growing as a developer, we cannot discard the importance of joining a developer community. 

When you join a developer’s community, you get many advantages from sharing knowledge with peer programming, mentorship to code reviews, and much more.

Communities are built for gathering developers on a single platform, where they can share their knowledge, code bottlenecks, and share solutions for them. For amateur developers, joining a developer community gives several benefits. 

There are different developer communities over the world for different goals. But the work stays the same for sharing the ideas, interacting, and growing the developers.

Here are some popular web development communities, which you can join:

  1. WomenWhoCode
  2. Hash node
  3. FreecodeCamp
  4. Stack Overflow
  5. Hacker News

1. WomenWhoCode

WomenWhoCode is an international organization working on a non-profit basis. The community provides a global platform for women working in technology for coding, resources, and mentorship. 

The community aims to help women build technical skills and excel in their careers.

2. Hash Node

Hash node is a renowned website development community for sharing knowledge and growing careers. Developers participate in the discussion and share their coding experiences.

Developers can ask open questions, ask questions and start polls. You can ask technical teams, read the discussion forums and learn from stories.

You can build your personal blog on the custom domain and gain knowledge of everything you need to grow website development services.

3. FreecodeCamp

FreeCodeCamp is known for helping people learn coding through free videos, interactive articles, and following discussion groups.

Also, there are coding challenges, and practical projects to let you learn the coding.

4. Stack Overflow

Stack Overflow is a question forum that is now fledged with tons of questions. There is a wide range of technical topics and questions in a stack overflow.  Stack Overflow is the number one choice of programming professionals.

5. Hacker News

It is a social news site, with a focus on information technology and entrepreneurship.  Hacker News is an amazing platform to promote your content and share the content with tech geeks. 

Selecting Coding Languages

Web development basically stands upon HTML. HTML is the basic language for formatting web content to be understood by the browser.

But if your web project is bigger, it needs separate layers for building the front end and back end.

When the backend development is quite demanding, it is handled with any powerful high-level language such as Java, Php, etc.

Whereas the front is popular with the single page design and responsive web pages such as node, angular, Vue, etc.

Here is a list of a few web development languages:

  1. JavaScript
  2. Python
  3. Typescript
  4. Php
  5. Ruby

1. JavaScript

JavaScript is powerful and can be called the king of web application development. It is the most popular language, which creates both aspects of the frontend and backend.

NodeJS Development is a cheaper option.  Top web development companies the famous JavaScript framework, which can run on any browser.

Also, there are other libraries and frameworks available, that help in web development. Hire node js developers if you want a future-proof application.

React.js is a famous framework for the front end whereas NodeJS allows for backend development.  Adding extra capabilities, React Native helps in mobile application development for both iOS and Android.

2. Python

Python is a popular language among developers. Python is reliable and possesses the trust of developers for having passed the test of time.

The language is the most versatile language of the era. Python is capable of web development, data science, artificial intelligence, machine learning, financial analysis, and much more application in real-time. 

For the front end, you can use Django, or if you need more control, Flask is a powerful framework.

3. Typescript

 Typescript is the favorite modern language of developers. The languages can be considered the add one of JavaScript, generally known as JavaScript++. 

The languages add the type safety abilities in JavaScript. This way, it eliminates type-related glitches in the coding phase.

4. Php

PHP is a backend development language, but is also known as one of the best frameworks for web development today. The language has many powerful, reliable frameworks which are used by professional web application developers.

PHP is a dynamic language, which can easily create fully functional web apps. If we take some stats, more than 50 percent of the internet is working over PHP.

The famous blogging CMS website WordPress is built over PHP. PHP has Magento and Joomla for eCommerce, Laravel, Yii, Symfony, and many more for other tasks.  You can swiftly create the web application using MVC architecture.

5. Ruby on Rails

Ruby is the programming language for web development. Ruby is also easier to learn and code like Python. Beginners can easily learn coding in Ruby.

Ruby on Rails is a powerful framework for web development with reliable examples such as Github, Groupon, GoodReads, Kickstarter, etc.

Rails are the MVC architecture, which provides the default structure for web development services, and web pages. This framework encourages the web standards such as XML, and JSON along with CSS and JavaScript for UI.

Frontend languages

AngularJS development: Angular is the open-source front-end framework, which is used for single-page application development.

The framework is growing and expanding since its release. The framework offers better ways for front-end development.

The framework changes the HTML to dynamic HTML.  The open-source project is extending the attributes of HTML.

1. React.js

React is the flexible and efficient JavaScript library built by Facebook, used for building user interfaces.  ReactJS is an open-source, front-end library, which is responsible for the control of the view layer.

2. Bootstrap

It is an open-source collection of web tools, which are used for creating responsive websites and mobile applications. It is the most popular framework for years.

3. JQuery

It is an open-source library that simplifies JavaScript-based capabilities. JQuery smoothens document traversing, browser event handling, cross-browser development, and asynchronous JavaScript interaction.

Coding from Scratch vs. using a Cms

Building a website from scratch is the older but not discarded method. For simple website application development, which has fewer features, it’s an easy method to build from CMS.

CMS allows website development using simple drag n drop features. CMS such as WordPress and Wix have covered almost 60 percent of the web app development market.

On the other side, enterprise apps and high functional apps are built with some reliable technology stack from the scratch. Here is a little discussion:

  1. Coding advantages
  2. Advantages of CMS
  3. Backend Development from the eye of a backend developer
  4. Backend programming languages
  5. Front end Development

1. Coding Advantages

Coding is the traditional way of building a website, where you need to code from the scratch. You code as a frontend developer and backend developer. 

For such websites, you need to know the programming languages and web development procedures.

  • Better Knowledge:  For coding the website, the basic requirement is HTML, JavaScript, and CSS. The knowledge of web technology helps in creating the website. Coding from scratch gives you many benefits. The hard-coded program may contain various bugs and glitches, which the developer needs to solve by the right time.
  • Control over the code: Coding from scratch gives an advantage of web page development. You get control over every minute detail of the program, which is a challenge. 
  • Increased speed:  While hand-coding, you can use shortcuts up to an extent. This speeds up the task of development because you know every brick of the web infrastructure.

2. Advantages of CMS

  • Easy programming: Easy coding is the first quality of CMS. CMS leverages you with the independence of coding.  While developing with CMS, you hardly need any developer or programmers for no-so-complicated tasks.
  • Multi-user management: While CMS development, you can develop the website with your team. You can collaborate with the team.   You can allocate tasks to your teams and can work over the project altogether. You can assign the role and permission, which allows you to continue the task even before the website is ready.
  • Readymade components: When the website is developed with CMS, you get several components prebuilt. For example, you need not build the template from scratch, instead, you get them prebuilt and can work over them.
  • Less error and bug-free:  CMS is a safer method for avoiding error and giving clean code. For normal web application development, you hardly get to face any error. 

3. Backend Development from the eye of the backend developer

Backend development is the term that itself means the coding procedure for the backend/admin part. Backend development takes place at the controller level.

Backend development refers to the server-side development of the website, where it all works.  Building changes and giving updates to the server code, along with monitoring of the server comes under back-end development. Code is written on the backend with communication.

4. Backend programming languages

Many backend developers work with Java, Php, or innovative languages such as Python. And Microsoft .Net. Ruby on Rails is the famous framework for easy web development and getting a fast-focus and most responsive website. 

These languages are used for dynamic website development, whereas if you want, static website development is no problem.  A backend programmer checks the load balancing and orchestration.

Generally, all the website tasks except the front end are done by the backend. Example: Social media integration, Twitter.

5. Front end Development

The Front-end technology stack includes HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.  JavaScript has given an extra advantage with predefined jQuery libraries.

But now jQuery is fading slowly from the web development service market. Still, you can see jQuery in the boot camp curriculum.

Frontend talks about typography, grid layout, color, and themes. While preparing for projects, the designer works on strategizing the website.

As a frontend developer, you need not learn the backend languages and the programming skills. You must be a creative and acute thinker for delivering something unique.           

A front-end designer can build a proper website, but the basic difference is that the website does not interact with the database layer. 

The content is kept static and animation gives the impression of dynamicity.  These websites are quite popular among non-technical business owners.                   

Acquiring a domain name

Acquiring a domain name is the first task in the implementation phase.  For building your website, you need to have a domain name registered.

  1. Think about any name your choice
  2. Choose any domain name provider such as Go Daddy, or Hostinger.
  3. Search if your domain name is available.
  4. If it is available, simply book the domain and pay for registration.
  5. The domain name provider may take a little time for registering your domain and your work is done.

Creating and Rolling out

Once you are done with the code of your website, half of the work is done. But a lot of effort is still left.

There are many actions you need to take, soon after the launch of the website. You can follow the below steps after launching the website.

  1. Monitor uptime
  2. Google Analytics
  3. Search console

1. Monitor Uptime

As the website service is live, you need an uptime monitoring service. This allows you to keep track of the website.  If the website is down, you get the email and notification.

2. Google Analytics

Google Analytics is a free tool. The tool allows for tracking the website traffic, demographic location, and clicked pages. These metrics help owners to build the strategy for website marketing.

3. Search Console

Another webmaster tool is the Search console. Google Search Console helps in addressing the potential website issues, adjusting SEO, accessing data for health maintenance, and responsive updates. 

For submitting your website to the search console, you need to add an SEO plug-in to your website. Prepare a sitemap for your website, which is used by Google Search Engine to crawl your website.


Now you know everything about the technology stack for web development, it is easier to scale your idea for building the website.

Investing too much in any resource, which does not return the investment, is a waste of money.

If your project demand is higher, you must go for backend development, whereas if your requirement is simple, simple frontend development is enough.

For learning more about web development, you can take advice from EdPresso, Stack overflow, and others.